special educational needs in science

Medium term plans to support the work of teachers of pupils with special educational needs in science

These Medium Term Plans were developed by Cambridgeshire teachers, involved in the STRATA project (Science To Raise And Track Achievement), to support the work of teachers of pupils with Special Educational Needs in Science. The units can be used in any order. Even though the activities may focus on a particular level of pupil, the principles of good teaching and learning that they exemplify are transferable to all pupils. The content of these plans is ©PSTT 2019 but may be freely reproduced by teachers in schools for educational purposes.

P levels

Performance attainment targets (P scales) and performance descriptors are used for pupils aged 5 to 16 with special educational needs (SEN) who are working below the standard of the national curriculum tests and assessments. PSTT recognises that the national curriculum levels used in these documents are no longer current. We have had so many requests to return these materials to the website that they remain in the documents as a guide for those who have used them in the past. The written statements may be useful to others as an indication of children's development. Further information about P levels can be found here.

Disclaimer

PSTT is not liable for the actions or activities of any reader or anyone else who uses the information in this document or the associated classroom materials. PSTT assumes no liability with regard to injuries or damage to property that may occur as a result of using the information contained in these plans.

Primary Science Teaching Trust recommends that a full risk assessment is carried out before undertaking in the classroom any of the practical investigations contained in the plans.

Safety Note

PSTT advises teachers to refer to either CLEAPSS website or SSERC website for up to date health and safety information when planning practical activities for children.

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BIOLOGY PLANS

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Adaptation [303.91kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore different habitats
  • • To explore how different living things are adapted for their habitat
  • • To explore how humans can impact on the environment

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Body parts and senses [1.09MB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To name internal and external body parts
  • • To explore senses and responses
  • • To explore how our exterbal and internal senses are important for survival

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Diet and digestion [282.18kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To be able to recognise foods which are healthy and unhealthy
  • • To explore how food is vital for energy, growth and health
  • • To explore the main parts of the digestive system and the process of digestion

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Energy - Living things [281.01kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore food chains and interdependence between plants and animals
  • • To explore and explain the process by which plants make their own food.

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Environment [232.48kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore similarities and differences between living things, where they live and how to group them

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Evolution [303.91kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To recognise that living things change over time and may become extinct
  • • To explore some evidence for evolution

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Excretion [216.93kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore excretion and its products

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Heart and lungs [249.61kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore how the heart and lungs wprk
  • • To explore the circulatory system and its health

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Human skeleton [254.13kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore the skeleton and its use
  • • explore muscles and how they work

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Life cycles [258.24kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore different life cycles and growth
  • • To explore aspects of human reproduction

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Look more closely [189.11kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore the use of magnification devices to look at specimens and record findings

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Microbes and drugs [235.32kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore the benefits and harmful effects of microbes
  • • To recognise the importance of being healthy and the helpful and harmful aspects of drugs/medicines

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Plants [305.47kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore the parts of a plant
  • • To begin to link different parts of a plant with their function
  • • To explore plant reproduction and growth
  • • To recognise what plants need to keep healthy

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Teeth [241.57kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore different teeth and their jobs
  • • To explore the process of tooth decay and how to prevent it

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CHEMISTRY PLANS

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Acids, alkalis and earth science [907.37kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore acids and alkalis and their everyday uses
  • • To begin to recognise how acids can affect the environment
  • • To explore rocks and soils

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Making new materials [5.20MB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore a range of materials, their properties and their uses
  • • To explore a range of reversible and irreversible changes
  • • To experience materials being separated

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PHYSICS PLANS

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Energy Electricity [290.26kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To identify everyday things that use electricity and sort according to mains or battery powered
  • • To recognise that electricity can be dangerous and some of the dangers
  • • To explore and make simple circuits

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Energy heat [196.12kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore heat energy and transfer

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Energy light [302.60kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To be able to identify and sort sources of light
  • • To know how shadows are formed and the terms opaque, transparent and translucent
  • • To explore how light travels and can be split

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Energy Sound [253.48kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore making sounds
  • • To explore how sound travels

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Forces [354.65kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To experience a range of pushes and pulls
  • • To experience different types of forces

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Solids, liquids and gases [229.80kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore particles
  • • To explore and identify changes of state

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Space [415.58kB]

Pupils will have opportunities:

  • • To explore evidence that helps us to explain familiar phenomena such as day and night, and seasons
  • • To develop an understanding of planets and our solar system
  • • To investigate rockets and man's exploration of space

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OTHER RESOURCES

To support pupils with special educational needs and disabilities in science, teachers may find the following resources from the original STRATA project useful:

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supporting send pupils in science [635.68kB]

This guide covers a range of issues about working with pupils with special educational needs or disabilities. Although much of what is in this guide will be familiar to teachers working in Special Schools, it will be useful for teachers in mainstream schools working with pupils with these needs.

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summary of send categories and strategies [119.31kB]

This document provides a summary table of SEND conditions and disorders showing underlying issues and strategies which might be used to support learners.

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Progression across P levels in working scientifically [152.56kB]

Some guidance on progression across the P levels and into what were National Curriculum levels 1-3.

Note: PSTT recognises that the national curriculum levels used in this document are no longer current. They remain in the documents as a guide for those who have used them in the past. The written statements may be useful to others as an indication of children's development.

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You may also find the following websites useful:

Performance - P scale - attainment targets for pupils with special educational needs. This guidance from DFE (2017) specifies performance attainment targets (P scales) and performance descriptors for pupils aged 5 to 16 with special educational needs (SEN) who are working below the standard of the national curriculum tests and assessments.

The SEND Code of Practice (2015) provides statutory guidance for organisations which work with and support children and young people who have special educational needs or disabilities.

Science in My Pocket (SIMP) is a set of structured science activities developed by PSTT for teaching assistants to use with children who need emotional and behavioural support.

Science For All is a project by Sheffield Hallam University, supported by PSTT, which has produced a variety of tried and tested resources that engage SEND pupils in their science lessons.

A series of Teaching and Learning Toolkits to support teaching of all pupils, including those with SEND, is available from The Educational Endowment Foundation (EEF).

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